Pazuzu

February 8th, 2007, 9:26 AM

How to change starter Pokémon

Well looks like it's kinda confusing for some people to change the Starter Pokémon in a R/S/E game.

So here's a short tutorial on how to do it.

Requirements: R/S/E-Rom, Hex-Editor, Pokémon list (see below), Emulator.

Offsets:

- Ruby (DE) : 403BF0

- Sapphire (DE) : 403B5C

------------------------

- Ruby (US) : 3F76C4

- Sapphire (US) : 3F771C

- Emerald (US) : 5B1DF8

(Note: All offsets are Hex.)

1) Load your rom in your favorite Hex-Editor.

Then go to the offset for your ROM which is stated above.

http://img517.imageshack.us/img517/1671/48313217wc7.jpg

2) Now you should see 3 2-byte values.

Those are the Pokémon bytes for the Starters.

http://img517.imageshack.us/img517/156/25450275bf5.jpg

3) Change these values to the Pokémon you want to have as starters. (See the list below for the bytes and the Pokémon they represent.)

In my example I changed Treeko, Mudkip and Torchic to Bulbasaur, Charmander and Squirtle.

http://img299.imageshack.us/img299/4624/45715206rc7.jpg

4) Now save your changes and preview your new masterpiece in the Emulator.

http://img299.imageshack.us/img299/5287/game1bh0.pnghttp://img517.imageshack.us/img517/2010/game2fj9.pnghttp://img528.imageshack.us/img528/2046/game3sy3.png

Congrats!

You have successfully changed the Starter Pokémon with a Hex-Editor.

Now here's the list of the Pokémon and their bytes.

Thanks to Tetsuya-san for writing it down.

0100 = BULBASAUR

0200 = IVYSAUR

0300 = VENESAUR

0400 = CHARMANDER

0500 = CHARMELEON

0600 = CHARIZARD

0700 = SQUIRTLE

0800 = WARTORTLE

0900 = BLASTOISE

0A00 = CATERPIE

0B00 = METAPOD

0C00 = BUTTERFREE

0D00 = WEEDLE

0E00 = KAKUNA

0F00 = BEEDRILL

1000 = PIDGEY

1100 = PIDGEOTTO

1200 = PIDGEOT

1300 = RATTATA

1400 = RATICATE

1500 = SPEAROW

1600 = FEAROW

1700 = EKANS

1800 = ARBOK

1900 = PIKACHU

1A00 = RAICHU

1B00 = SANDSHREW

1C00 = SANDSLASH

1D00 = NIDORAN (FEMALE)

1E00 = NIDORINA

1F00 = NIDOQUEEN

2000 = NIDORAN (MALE)

2100 = NIDORINO

2200 = NIDOKING

2300 = CLEFAIRY

2400 = CLEFABLE

2500 = VULPIX

2600 = NINETALES

2700 = JIGGLYPUFF

2800 = WIGGLYTUFF

2900 = ZUBAT

2A00 = GOLBAT

2B00 = ODDISH

2C00 = GLOOM

2D00 = VILEPLUME

2E00 = PARAS

2F00 = PARASECT

3000 = VENONAT

3100 = VENOMOTH

3200 = DIGLETT

3300 = DUGTRIO

3400 = MEOWTH

3500 = PERSIAN

3600 = PSYDUCK

3700 = GOLDUCK

3800 = MANKEY

3900 = PRIMEAPE

3A00 = GROWLITHE

3B00 = ARCANINE

3C00 = POLIWAG

3D00 = POLIWHIRL

3E00 = POLIWRATH

3F00 = ABRA

4000 = KADABRA

4100 = ALAKAZAM

4200 = MACHOP

4300= MACHOKE

4400 = MACHAMP

4500 = BELLSPROUT

4600 = WEEPINBELL

4700 = VICTREEBELL

4800 = TENTACOOL

4900 = TENTACRUEL

4A00 = GEODUDE

4B00 = GRAVELER

4C00 = GOLEM

4D00 = PONYTA

4E00 = RAPIDASH

4F00 = SLOWPOKE

5000 = SLOWBRO

5100 = MAGNEMITE

5200 = MAGNETON

5300 = FARFETCH'D

5400 = DODUO

5500 = DODRIO

5600 = SEEL

5700 = DEWGONG

5800 = GRIMER

5900 = MUK

5A00 = SHELLDER

5B00 = CLOYSTER

5C00 = GASTLY

5D00 = HAUNTER

5E00 = GENGAR

5F00 = ONIX

6000 = DROWZEE

6100 = HYPNO

6200 = KRABBY

6300 = KINGLER

6400 = VOLTORB

6500 = ELECTRODE

6600 = EXEGGCUTE

6700 = EXEGGUTOR

6800 = CUBONE

6900 = MAROWAK

6A00 = HITMONLEEE

6B00 = HITMONCHAN

6C00 = LICKITUNG

6D00 = KOFFING

6E00 = WEEZING

6F00 = RHYHORN

7000 = RHYDON

7100 = CHANSEY

7200 = TANGELA

7300 = KANGASKHAN

7400 = HORSEA

7500 = SEADRA

7600 = GOLDEEN

7700 = SEAKING

7800 = STARYU

7900 = STARMIE

7A00 = MR. MIME

7B00 = SCYTHER

7C00 = JYNX

7D00 = ELECTABUZZ

7E00 = MAGMAR

7F00 = PINSIR

8000 = TAUROS

8100 = MAGIKARP

8200 = GYARADOS

8300 = LAPRAS

8400 = DITTO

8500 = EEVEE

8600 = VAPOREON

8700 = JOLTEON

8800 = FLAREON

8900 = PORYGON

8A00 = OMANYTE

8B00 = OMASTAR

8C00 = KABUTO

8D00 = KABUTOPS

8E00 = AERODACTYL

8F00 = SNORLAX

9000 = ARTICUNO

9100 = ZAPDOS

9200 = MOLTRES

9300 = DRATINI

9400 = DRAGONAIR

9500 = DRAGONITE

9600 = MEWTWO

9700 = MEW

9800 = CHIKORITA

9900 = BAYLEEF

9A00 = MEGANIUM

9B00 = CYNDAQUIL

9C00 = QUILAVA

9D00 = TYPLOSION

9E00 = TOTODILE

9F00 = CROCONAW

A000 = FERALIGATR

A100 = SENTRET

A200 = FURRET

A300 = HOOTHOOT

A400 = NOCTOWL

A500 = LEDYBA

A600 = LEDIAN

A700 = SPINARAK

A800 = ARIADOS

A900 = CROBAT

AA00 = CHINCHOU

AB00 = LANTURN

AC00 = PICHU

AD00 = CLEFFA

AE00 = IGGLYBUFF

AF00 = TOGEPI

B000 = TOGETIC

B100 = NATU

B200 = XATU

B300 = MAREEP

B400 = FLAAFFY

B500 = AMPHAROS

B600 = BELLOSSOM

B700 = MARRILL

B800 = AZUMARILL

B900 = SUDOWOODO

BA00 = POLITOED

BB00 = HOPPIP

BC00 = SKI PLOOM

BD00 = JUMPLUFF

BE00 = AIPOM

BF00 = SUNKERN

C000 = SUNFLORA

C100 = YANMA

C200 = WOOPER

C300 = QUAGSIRE

C400 = ESPEON

C500 = UMBREON

C600 = MURKROW

C700 = SLOWKING

C800 = MISDREAVUS

C900 = UNOWN

CA00 = WOBBUFFET

CB00 = GIRAFARIG

CC00 = PINECO

CD00 = FORRETRESS

CE00 = DUNSPARCE

CF00 = GLIGAR

D000 = STEELIX

D100 = SNUBBULL

D200 = GRANBULL

D300 = QWILFISH

D400 = SCIZOR

D500 = SHUCKLE

D600 = HERACROSS

D700 = SNEASEL

D800 = TEDDIURSA

D900 = URSARING

DA00 = SLUGMA

DB00 = MAGCARGO

DC00 = SWINUB

DD00 = PILOSWINE

DE00 = CORSOLA

DF00 = REMORAID

E000 = OCTILLERY

E100 = DELIBIRD

E200 = MANTINE

E300 = SKARMORY

E400 = HOUNDOUR

E500 = DOUNDOOM

E600 = KINGDRA

E700 = PHANPY

E800 = DONPHAN

E900 = PORYGON2

EA00 = STANTLER

EB00 = SMEARGLE

EC00 = TYROGUE

ED00 = HITMONTOP

EE00 = SMOOCHUM

EF00 = ELEKID

F000 = MAGBY

F100 = MILTANK

F200 = BLISSEY

F300 = RAIKOU

F400 = ENTEI

F500 = SUICINE

F600 = LARVITAR

F700 = PUPITAR

F800 = TYRANITAR

F900 = LUGIA

FA00 = HO-OH

FB00 = CELEBI

1501 = TREECKO

1601 = GROVYLE

1701 = SCEPTILE

1801 = TORCHIC

1901 = COMBUSKEN

1A01 = BLAZIKEN

1B01 = MUDKIP

1C01 = MARSHTOMP

1D01 = SWAMPERT

1E01 = POOCHYENA

1F01 = MIGHTYENA

2001 = ZIGZAGOON

2101 = LINOONE

2201 = WURMPLE

2301 = SILCOON

2401 = BEAUTIFLY

2501 = CASCOON

2601 = DUSTOX

2701 = LOTAD

2801 = LOMBRE

2901 = LUDICOLO

2A01 = SEEDOT

2B01 = NUZLEAF

2C01 = SHIFTRY

2D01 = NINCADA

2E01 = NINJASK

2F01 = SHEDINJA

3001 = TAILLOW

3101 = SWELLOW

3201 = SHROOMISH

3301 = BRELOOM

3401 = SPINDA

3501 = WINGULL

3601 = PELIPPER

3701 = SURSKIT

3801 = MASQUERAIN

3901 = WAILMER

3A01 = WAILORD

3B01 = SKITTY

3C01 = DELCATTY

3D01 = KECLEON

3E01 = BALTOY

3F01 = CLAYDOL

4001 = NOSEPASS

4101 = TORKOAL

4201 = SABLEYE

4301 = BARBOACH

4401 = WHISCASH

4501 = LUVDISC

4601 = CORPHISH

4701 = CRAWDAUNT

4801 = FEEBAS

4901 = MILOTIC

4A01 = CARVANHA

4B01 = SHARPEDO

4C01 = TRAPINCH

4D01 = VIBRAVA

4E01 = FLYGON

4F01 = MAKUHITA

5001 = HARIYAMA

5101 = ELECTRIKE

5201 = MANECTRIC

5301 = NUMEL

5401 = CAMERUPT

5501 = SPHEAL

5601 = SEALEO

5701 = WALREIN

5801 = CACNEA

5901 = CACTURNE

5A01 = SNORUNT

5B01 = GLALIE

5C01 = LUNATONE

5D01 = SOLROCK

5E01 = AZURILL

5F01 = SPOINK

6001 = GRUMPIG

6101 = PLUSLE

6201 = MINUN

6301 = MAWILE

6401 = MEDITITE

6501 = MEDICHAM

6601 = SWABLU

6701 = ALTARIA

6801 = WYNAUT

6901 = DUSKULL

6A01 = DUSCLOPS

6B01 = ROSELIA

6C01 = SLAKOTH

6D01 = VIGOROTH

6E01 = SLAKING

6F01 = GULPIN

7001 = SWALOT

7101 = TROPIUS

7201 = WHISMUR

7301 = LOUDRED

7401 = EXPLOUD

7501 = CLAMPERL

7601 = HUNTAIL

7701 = GOREBYSS

7801 = ABSOL

7901 = SHUPPET

7A01 = BANNETE

7B01 = SEVIPER

7C01 = ZANGOOSE

7D01 = RELICANTH

7E01 = ARON

7F01 = LAIRON

8001 = AGGRON

8101 = CASTFORM

8201 = VOLBEAT

8301 = ILLUMISE

8401 = LILEEP

8501 = CRADILY

8601 = ANORITH

8701 = ARMALDO

8801 = RALTS

8901 = KIRLIA

8A01 = GARDEVOIR

8B01 = BAGON

8C01 = SHELGON

8D01 = SALAMENCE

8E01 = BELDUM

8F01 = METANG

9001 = METAGROSS

9101 = REGI ROCK

9201 = REGICE

9301 = REGI STEEL

9401 = KYOGRE

9501 = GROUDON

9601 = RAYQUAZA

9701 = LATIAS

9801 = LATIOS

9901 = JIRACHI

9A01 = DEOXYS

9B01 = CHIMECHOThis tutorial is Copyright 2005 by Scizz.

You're not allowed to copy it without permission.

Well looks like it's kinda confusing for some people to change the Starter Pokémon in a R/S/E game.

So here's a short tutorial on how to do it.

Requirements: R/S/E-Rom, Hex-Editor, Pokémon list (see below), Emulator.

Offsets:

- Ruby (DE) : 403BF0

- Sapphire (DE) : 403B5C

------------------------

- Ruby (US) : 3F76C4

- Sapphire (US) : 3F771C

- Emerald (US) : 5B1DF8

(Note: All offsets are Hex.)

1) Load your rom in your favorite Hex-Editor.

Then go to the offset for your ROM which is stated above.

http://img517.imageshack.us/img517/1671/48313217wc7.jpg

2) Now you should see 3 2-byte values.

Those are the Pokémon bytes for the Starters.

http://img517.imageshack.us/img517/156/25450275bf5.jpg

3) Change these values to the Pokémon you want to have as starters. (See the list below for the bytes and the Pokémon they represent.)

In my example I changed Treeko, Mudkip and Torchic to Bulbasaur, Charmander and Squirtle.

http://img299.imageshack.us/img299/4624/45715206rc7.jpg

4) Now save your changes and preview your new masterpiece in the Emulator.

http://img299.imageshack.us/img299/5287/game1bh0.pnghttp://img517.imageshack.us/img517/2010/game2fj9.pnghttp://img528.imageshack.us/img528/2046/game3sy3.png

Congrats!

You have successfully changed the Starter Pokémon with a Hex-Editor.

Now here's the list of the Pokémon and their bytes.

Thanks to Tetsuya-san for writing it down.

0100 = BULBASAUR

0200 = IVYSAUR

0300 = VENESAUR

0400 = CHARMANDER

0500 = CHARMELEON

0600 = CHARIZARD

0700 = SQUIRTLE

0800 = WARTORTLE

0900 = BLASTOISE

0A00 = CATERPIE

0B00 = METAPOD

0C00 = BUTTERFREE

0D00 = WEEDLE

0E00 = KAKUNA

0F00 = BEEDRILL

1000 = PIDGEY

1100 = PIDGEOTTO

1200 = PIDGEOT

1300 = RATTATA

1400 = RATICATE

1500 = SPEAROW

1600 = FEAROW

1700 = EKANS

1800 = ARBOK

1900 = PIKACHU

1A00 = RAICHU

1B00 = SANDSHREW

1C00 = SANDSLASH

1D00 = NIDORAN (FEMALE)

1E00 = NIDORINA

1F00 = NIDOQUEEN

2000 = NIDORAN (MALE)

2100 = NIDORINO

2200 = NIDOKING

2300 = CLEFAIRY

2400 = CLEFABLE

2500 = VULPIX

2600 = NINETALES

2700 = JIGGLYPUFF

2800 = WIGGLYTUFF

2900 = ZUBAT

2A00 = GOLBAT

2B00 = ODDISH

2C00 = GLOOM

2D00 = VILEPLUME

2E00 = PARAS

2F00 = PARASECT

3000 = VENONAT

3100 = VENOMOTH

3200 = DIGLETT

3300 = DUGTRIO

3400 = MEOWTH

3500 = PERSIAN

3600 = PSYDUCK

3700 = GOLDUCK

3800 = MANKEY

3900 = PRIMEAPE

3A00 = GROWLITHE

3B00 = ARCANINE

3C00 = POLIWAG

3D00 = POLIWHIRL

3E00 = POLIWRATH

3F00 = ABRA

4000 = KADABRA

4100 = ALAKAZAM

4200 = MACHOP

4300= MACHOKE

4400 = MACHAMP

4500 = BELLSPROUT

4600 = WEEPINBELL

4700 = VICTREEBELL

4800 = TENTACOOL

4900 = TENTACRUEL

4A00 = GEODUDE

4B00 = GRAVELER

4C00 = GOLEM

4D00 = PONYTA

4E00 = RAPIDASH

4F00 = SLOWPOKE

5000 = SLOWBRO

5100 = MAGNEMITE

5200 = MAGNETON

5300 = FARFETCH'D

5400 = DODUO

5500 = DODRIO

5600 = SEEL

5700 = DEWGONG

5800 = GRIMER

5900 = MUK

5A00 = SHELLDER

5B00 = CLOYSTER

5C00 = GASTLY

5D00 = HAUNTER

5E00 = GENGAR

5F00 = ONIX

6000 = DROWZEE

6100 = HYPNO

6200 = KRABBY

6300 = KINGLER

6400 = VOLTORB

6500 = ELECTRODE

6600 = EXEGGCUTE

6700 = EXEGGUTOR

6800 = CUBONE

6900 = MAROWAK

6A00 = HITMONLEEE

6B00 = HITMONCHAN

6C00 = LICKITUNG

6D00 = KOFFING

6E00 = WEEZING

6F00 = RHYHORN

7000 = RHYDON

7100 = CHANSEY

7200 = TANGELA

7300 = KANGASKHAN

7400 = HORSEA

7500 = SEADRA

7600 = GOLDEEN

7700 = SEAKING

7800 = STARYU

7900 = STARMIE

7A00 = MR. MIME

7B00 = SCYTHER

7C00 = JYNX

7D00 = ELECTABUZZ

7E00 = MAGMAR

7F00 = PINSIR

8000 = TAUROS

8100 = MAGIKARP

8200 = GYARADOS

8300 = LAPRAS

8400 = DITTO

8500 = EEVEE

8600 = VAPOREON

8700 = JOLTEON

8800 = FLAREON

8900 = PORYGON

8A00 = OMANYTE

8B00 = OMASTAR

8C00 = KABUTO

8D00 = KABUTOPS

8E00 = AERODACTYL

8F00 = SNORLAX

9000 = ARTICUNO

9100 = ZAPDOS

9200 = MOLTRES

9300 = DRATINI

9400 = DRAGONAIR

9500 = DRAGONITE

9600 = MEWTWO

9700 = MEW

9800 = CHIKORITA

9900 = BAYLEEF

9A00 = MEGANIUM

9B00 = CYNDAQUIL

9C00 = QUILAVA

9D00 = TYPLOSION

9E00 = TOTODILE

9F00 = CROCONAW

A000 = FERALIGATR

A100 = SENTRET

A200 = FURRET

A300 = HOOTHOOT

A400 = NOCTOWL

A500 = LEDYBA

A600 = LEDIAN

A700 = SPINARAK

A800 = ARIADOS

A900 = CROBAT

AA00 = CHINCHOU

AB00 = LANTURN

AC00 = PICHU

AD00 = CLEFFA

AE00 = IGGLYBUFF

AF00 = TOGEPI

B000 = TOGETIC

B100 = NATU

B200 = XATU

B300 = MAREEP

B400 = FLAAFFY

B500 = AMPHAROS

B600 = BELLOSSOM

B700 = MARRILL

B800 = AZUMARILL

B900 = SUDOWOODO

BA00 = POLITOED

BB00 = HOPPIP

BC00 = SKI PLOOM

BD00 = JUMPLUFF

BE00 = AIPOM

BF00 = SUNKERN

C000 = SUNFLORA

C100 = YANMA

C200 = WOOPER

C300 = QUAGSIRE

C400 = ESPEON

C500 = UMBREON

C600 = MURKROW

C700 = SLOWKING

C800 = MISDREAVUS

C900 = UNOWN

CA00 = WOBBUFFET

CB00 = GIRAFARIG

CC00 = PINECO

CD00 = FORRETRESS

CE00 = DUNSPARCE

CF00 = GLIGAR

D000 = STEELIX

D100 = SNUBBULL

D200 = GRANBULL

D300 = QWILFISH

D400 = SCIZOR

D500 = SHUCKLE

D600 = HERACROSS

D700 = SNEASEL

D800 = TEDDIURSA

D900 = URSARING

DA00 = SLUGMA

DB00 = MAGCARGO

DC00 = SWINUB

DD00 = PILOSWINE

DE00 = CORSOLA

DF00 = REMORAID

E000 = OCTILLERY

E100 = DELIBIRD

E200 = MANTINE

E300 = SKARMORY

E400 = HOUNDOUR

E500 = DOUNDOOM

E600 = KINGDRA

E700 = PHANPY

E800 = DONPHAN

E900 = PORYGON2

EA00 = STANTLER

EB00 = SMEARGLE

EC00 = TYROGUE

ED00 = HITMONTOP

EE00 = SMOOCHUM

EF00 = ELEKID

F000 = MAGBY

F100 = MILTANK

F200 = BLISSEY

F300 = RAIKOU

F400 = ENTEI

F500 = SUICINE

F600 = LARVITAR

F700 = PUPITAR

F800 = TYRANITAR

F900 = LUGIA

FA00 = HO-OH

FB00 = CELEBI

1501 = TREECKO

1601 = GROVYLE

1701 = SCEPTILE

1801 = TORCHIC

1901 = COMBUSKEN

1A01 = BLAZIKEN

1B01 = MUDKIP

1C01 = MARSHTOMP

1D01 = SWAMPERT

1E01 = POOCHYENA

1F01 = MIGHTYENA

2001 = ZIGZAGOON

2101 = LINOONE

2201 = WURMPLE

2301 = SILCOON

2401 = BEAUTIFLY

2501 = CASCOON

2601 = DUSTOX

2701 = LOTAD

2801 = LOMBRE

2901 = LUDICOLO

2A01 = SEEDOT

2B01 = NUZLEAF

2C01 = SHIFTRY

2D01 = NINCADA

2E01 = NINJASK

2F01 = SHEDINJA

3001 = TAILLOW

3101 = SWELLOW

3201 = SHROOMISH

3301 = BRELOOM

3401 = SPINDA

3501 = WINGULL

3601 = PELIPPER

3701 = SURSKIT

3801 = MASQUERAIN

3901 = WAILMER

3A01 = WAILORD

3B01 = SKITTY

3C01 = DELCATTY

3D01 = KECLEON

3E01 = BALTOY

3F01 = CLAYDOL

4001 = NOSEPASS

4101 = TORKOAL

4201 = SABLEYE

4301 = BARBOACH

4401 = WHISCASH

4501 = LUVDISC

4601 = CORPHISH

4701 = CRAWDAUNT

4801 = FEEBAS

4901 = MILOTIC

4A01 = CARVANHA

4B01 = SHARPEDO

4C01 = TRAPINCH

4D01 = VIBRAVA

4E01 = FLYGON

4F01 = MAKUHITA

5001 = HARIYAMA

5101 = ELECTRIKE

5201 = MANECTRIC

5301 = NUMEL

5401 = CAMERUPT

5501 = SPHEAL

5601 = SEALEO

5701 = WALREIN

5801 = CACNEA

5901 = CACTURNE

5A01 = SNORUNT

5B01 = GLALIE

5C01 = LUNATONE

5D01 = SOLROCK

5E01 = AZURILL

5F01 = SPOINK

6001 = GRUMPIG

6101 = PLUSLE

6201 = MINUN

6301 = MAWILE

6401 = MEDITITE

6501 = MEDICHAM

6601 = SWABLU

6701 = ALTARIA

6801 = WYNAUT

6901 = DUSKULL

6A01 = DUSCLOPS

6B01 = ROSELIA

6C01 = SLAKOTH

6D01 = VIGOROTH

6E01 = SLAKING

6F01 = GULPIN

7001 = SWALOT

7101 = TROPIUS

7201 = WHISMUR

7301 = LOUDRED

7401 = EXPLOUD

7501 = CLAMPERL

7601 = HUNTAIL

7701 = GOREBYSS

7801 = ABSOL

7901 = SHUPPET

7A01 = BANNETE

7B01 = SEVIPER

7C01 = ZANGOOSE

7D01 = RELICANTH

7E01 = ARON

7F01 = LAIRON

8001 = AGGRON

8101 = CASTFORM

8201 = VOLBEAT

8301 = ILLUMISE

8401 = LILEEP

8501 = CRADILY

8601 = ANORITH

8701 = ARMALDO

8801 = RALTS

8901 = KIRLIA

8A01 = GARDEVOIR

8B01 = BAGON

8C01 = SHELGON

8D01 = SALAMENCE

8E01 = BELDUM

8F01 = METANG

9001 = METAGROSS

9101 = REGI ROCK

9201 = REGICE

9301 = REGI STEEL

9401 = KYOGRE

9501 = GROUDON

9601 = RAYQUAZA

9701 = LATIAS

9801 = LATIOS

9901 = JIRACHI

9A01 = DEOXYS

9B01 = CHIMECHOThis tutorial is Copyright 2005 by Scizz.

You're not allowed to copy it without permission.