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Animal Of The Day - SANGAI

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  #51    
Old 3 Days Ago (2:39 PM).
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Radiating Radiating is online now
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Not the Kodkod! (That's a pretty funny name though.)
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  #52    
Old 3 Days Ago (4:06 PM).
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All species of big cats are endangered, and most of the small cats too :(
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  #53    
Old 2 Days Ago (12:37 AM).
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LegendChu LegendChu is offline
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And yet another Cat species. Why, because I love Cats .

ONCILLA



Scientific classification:-

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Genus: Leopardus
Species: L. tigrinus

The Oncilla, also known as the Northern Tiger Cat & Tigrillo, is a small spotted cat ranging from Central America up to Central Brazil.

The Oncilla resembles the Margay & the Ocelot, but is smaller, with a slender build & narrower muzzle. It grows to a height of about 38 to 59 cms (15 to 23 in), plus a 20 to 42 cms (7.9 to 16.5 in) tail. While this is somewhat longer than the average domestic cat, the Oncilla is generally lighter, weighing 1.5 to 3 kgs (3.3 to 6.6 lb).

Their fur is thick & soft, ranging from light brown to dark ochre, with numerous dark rosettes across the back & flanks. The underside is pale with dark spots & the tail is ringed. The backs of the ears are black with bold ocelli. The rosettes are black or brown, open in the center & irregularly shaped. The legs have medium-sized spots tapering to smaller spots near the paws. This coloration helps the Oncilla blend in with the mottled sunlight of the tropical forest understory. The Oncilla's jaw is shortened, with fewer teeth, but with well-developed carnassials & canines.

The Oncilla is a primarily terrestrial animal, but is also an adept climber. It eats small mammals, lizards, birds, eggs, invertebrates, & the tree frog. Occasionally, it also eats grass. They are generally nocturnal, but in areas such as Caatinga, where their main food source consists of diurnal lizards, they are more likely to be active during the day. Young Oncillas have been observed to purr, while adults are known to make short, gurgling calls when close to one another.

Oncillas produce 1 to 3 kittens (usually only one), after a gestation of 74 to 76 days. The kittens' eyes open after eight to seventeen days, an unusually long period for a cat of this size. The kittens do not begin to take solid food until they are 38 to 56 days old (much older than in the domestic cat). They have a life span of about 11 years in the wild, but there are records of these cats reaching an age of 17 years.

The Oncilla is distributed from Costa Rica & Panama up to the Amazon basin & Central Brazil. It shows a strong preference for cloud forest & inhabits elevations as high as 4500m in Colombia, in the Andean highlands in Ecuador & Peru, & in the subtropical forest highlands in Brazil. It has also been recorded in cerrado & scrubland environments. There are records in northern Panama, but the remainder of the country appears to be a gap in its range.

There are four traditionally recognized subspecies of the Oncilla:-
Leopardus tigrinus tigrinus, found in eastern Venezuela, Guyana, northeastern Brazil.
Leopardus tigrinus guttulus, found in Atlantic forest central & southern Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, northern Argentina (later recognised as a separate species).
Leopardus tigrinus Oncilla, found in Central America.
Leopardus tigrinus pardinoides, found in western Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.

The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has classified the Oncilla as vulnerable. The chief threats they face are deforestation & poaching. Oncillas are killed for their pelts, which are highly prized & often sold or made into clothing. Another factor contributing to Oncilla mortality is human expansion, settling what was once open terrain for wild cats. There is a breeding facility in Brazil for several small native felines, where their natural conditions & native food encourage reproduction similar to that in the wild. There are a few Oncillas in captivity in North America & a few in zoos in Europe & South America. But in captivity, the Oncilla tends to have high infant mortality rate. Reports in 1972 & 1982 in South America showed that the Oncilla is one of the four most heavily hunted of all the small cats.

Pika Pika
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  #54    
Old 1 Day Ago (10:48 PM).
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Sunshine Moonlight Sunshine Moonlight is offline
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Its adorable. Want to adopt one.
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  #55    
Old 1 Day Ago (10:19 AM).
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LegendChu LegendChu is offline
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A spiny critter is next on the list.

ECHIDNA



Scientific classification:-

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Monotremata
Suborder: Tachyglossa
Family: Tachyglossidae

Echidnas, also known as spiny anteaters, belong to the family Tachyglossidae in the monotreme order of egg-laying mammals. The four extant species, together with the platypus, are the only surviving members of the order Monotremata & are the only living mammals that lay eggs.

The Echidnas are named after Echidna, a creature from Greek mythology who was half-woman, half-snake, as the animal was perceived to have qualities of both mammals & reptiles.

Echidnas are medium-sized, solitary mammals covered with coarse hair & spines. Superficially, they resemble the anteaters of South America & other spiny mammals such as hedgehogs & porcupines. They are usually black or brown in colour. They have elongated & slender snouts that function as both mouth & nose. Like the platypus, they are equipped with electrosensors, but while the platypus has 40,000 electroreceptors on its bill, the long-billed Echidna has only 2,000 electroreceptors, & the short-billed Echidna, which lives in a drier environment, has no more than 400 located at the tip of its snout. They have very short, strong limbs with large claws, & are powerful diggers. Echidnas have tiny mouths & toothless jaws. The Echidnas' ears are slits on the sides of their heads that are usually unseen due to the fact that they are blanketed by their spines. The external ear is created by a large cartilaginous funnel, deep in the muscle. Male Echidnas have non-venomous spurs on the hind feet.

The short-beaked Echidna's diet consists largely of ants & termites, while the Zaglossus (long-beaked) species typically eat worms & insect larvae. The tongues of long-beaked Echidnas have sharp, tiny spines that help them capture their prey. They have no teeth, & break down their food by grinding it between the bottoms of their mouths & their tongues. The Echidna feeds by tearing open soft logs, anthills & the like, & using its long, sticky tongue, which protrudes from its snout, to collect prey.

Echidnas do not tolerate extreme temperatures. They use caves & rock crevices to shelter from harsh weather conditions. Echidnas are found in forests & woodlands, hiding under vegetation, roots or piles of debris. Echidnas are capable swimmers. When swimming, they expose their snout & some of their spines. They are known to journey to water in order to groom & bathe themselves.

When fully grown a female can weigh up to 4.5 kilograms (9.9 lbs) & a male can weigh up to 6 kilograms (13.2 lbs).

The female lays a single soft-shelled, leathery egg & deposits it directly into her pouch. While hatching, the baby Echidna opens the leather shell with a reptile-like egg tooth. Hatching takes place after 10 days of gestation. The young Echidna remains in the pouch for 45 to 55 days, at which time it starts to develop spines. The average lifespan of an Echidna in the wild is estimated around 16 years. The longest recorded lifespan for a captive Echidna is 50 years, with anecdotal accounts of wild individuals reaching 45 years.

Echidnas are classified into three genera. Of these, one genus, Megalibgwilia, is known only from fossils.

Zaglossus - Western long-beaked Echidna (Z. bruijni) of the highland forests, Sir David's long-beaked Echidna (Z. attenboroughi) described in 1961 & preferring a still higher habitat, Eastern long-beaked Echidna (Z. bartoni) of which four distinct subspecies have been identified.
Tachyglossus - The short-beaked Echidna (Tachyglossus aculeatus), found in southern, southeast & northeast New Guinea, & also in almost all Australian environments, from the snow-clad Australian Alps to the deep deserts of the Outback.

Echidnas are very timid animals. When they feel endangered they attempt to bury themselves or if exposed they will curl into a ball, both methods using their spines to shield them. Although they have a way to protect themselves, the Echidnas still face many dangers. Some predators include wild cats, foxes, domestic dogs & goannas. Snakes pose as a large threat to the Echidna species because they slither into their burrows & prey on the young spineless puggles. Some precautions that can be taken include keeping the environment clean by picking up litter & causing less pollution, planting vegetation for Echidnas to use as shelter, supervising pets, reporting hurt Echidnas or just leaving them undisturbed. Merely grabbing them may cause stress & picking them up improperly may even result in injury.

Fun Facts - The Echidna appears on the reverse of the Australian five-cent coin. Knuckles the Echidna, is a red Echidna featured in the video game series Sonic the Hedgehog, in which he is depicted as being the last of his kind.

Pika Pika
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  #56    
Old 17 Hours Ago (12:15 AM).
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Why is there a limit on this thing aga...
 
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Unlike sonic I dont chuckle
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  #57    
Old 7 Hours Ago (10:15 AM).
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LegendChu LegendChu is offline
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Here's another deer species.

SANGAI



Scientific classification:-

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Cervinae
Genus: Rucervus
Species: R. eldii
Subspecies: R. e. eldii

The Sangai is an endemic, rare & endangered subspecies of brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur, India. It is also state animal of Manipur. Its common English name is Manipur brow-antlered deer & the scientific name, Rucervus eldii eldii McClelland.

It is believed that the name Sangai (sa "animal" & ngai "in awaiting") was coined from its peculiar posture & behaviour while running. By nature, the deer, particularly the males, even when running for its life stops occasionally & looks back as if he is waiting for someone & hence the name.

It is a medium-sized deer, with uniquely distinctive antlers, measuring 100–110 cm. in length with extremely long brow tine, which form the main beam. The two tines form a continuous curve at right angles to the closely set pedicels. This signifies its name, brow-antlered deer. The height & weight of a fully grown stag may be approximately 115–125 cm at shoulder & 95 to 110 kg (210 to 230 lb) respectively. The height & weight of the female are shorter & less as compared to the male counterpart. The length of the body from the base to the ear up to the tail is about 145 to 155 cm in both genders. The tail is short.

Sangai feed on a variety of water living plants, grasses, herbaceous plants & shoots. It exhibits a bimodial activity pattern. Sangai starts grazing usually early morning approximately 4:30 am & generally continue up to 8:00 am. On cloudy morning the period may extend to 10:00 am. In the evening it starts at 3:00 pm & continue up to 6:00 pm. After feeding it takes rest. During day time it rests under thick & tall reeds & grasses. At night some of them even rest on the hillocks.

After a 220- to 240-day-long gestation period, normally a single calf is born. The young are spotted at birth, but these spots fade as the animal grows. The Sangai has a maximum lifespan in the wild of around 10 years.

The Sangai faces a two-pronged danger to its life. Firstly, its habitat is steadily degenerating by reason of continuous inundation & flooding by high water caused as the result of artificial reservoir of the National Hydroelectric Power Corporation Loktak. Secondly, poachers are out there to trap & slay the deer at the slightest opportunity. The Sangai was believed to be almost extinct by 1950. However, in 1953 six heads of the Sangai were found hovering at its natural habitat. Since then, the State Government has taken serious & positive measures for the protection of this rare & endangered species. A census conducted in 2000 in the park showed that there were just 162 Sangais left.

Identified as one of the rarest animal species in the entire world, the Sangai is the apple of the eye for the people. Talk of Manipur & one of the first things to introduce the state is the Sangai, other than polo, its classical dance, sports & films.

Pika Pika
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